CBD can take many forms in the market—especially when paired with other cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Depending on the composition of certain products, you’ll probably run into different types of CBD presentations. Knowing the type is important, since each one offers different effects, depending on the consumer’s habits and sensibility to cannabinoids. If you want to be certain of what results you’re getting from your CBD product, keep reading.

Types of CBD

There are three types of CBD: Full-spectrum: this type of CBD has all the components of the cannabis plant, and it includes a small amount of THC. Although federally legal full-spectrum CBD products always have less than 0.3 percent THC, it is essential to note that THC is still present in full-spectrum products. Broad-spectrum: This type of CBD has all the components of the cannabis plant. Except for THC. Isolate: This is the purest form of CBD; it has no other compounds of the cannabis plant.

CBD Isolate

CBD Isolate, as its name suggests, only contains CBD. It doesn’t have any other cannabinoid, terpene, or healthy fatty acids from the cannabis plant. It is sold, mainly, as a crystal or a powder, sometimes it is also sold as an oil. It is made, however, using the same extraction process as other CBD oils, the only difference is that once the cannabinoids are extracted, the CBD is filtered out. It then goes through a chilling process that removes other chemical compounds; this process is called winterisation. Normally, CBD Isolate is cheaper than other types of CBD and it has no other cannabinoid, especially THC. The downside of isolate is that it has no entourage effect, which is believed to make CBD act better. However, for those who only want CBD in their system, it is the best option. 

Full-Spectrum CBD

As we said, Full-spectrum CBD has CBD and other cannabinoids from the cannabis plant, like THC. It is a full plant extract, which means that the oil goes through the cannabinoid extraction process and filtration, without any cannabinoid or other compound being removed. This type of CBD does not contain enough THC to get you high, however, it does have traces of THC, less than 0.3% to be specific.. The levels of THC in Full-spectrum CBD, however, can increase when the manufacturer creates a concentrate. It is important to note that products with more than 0.3% THC in them are illegal.  The benefits of Full-spectrum CBD come from the other chemical compounds and cannabinoids in it have healing properties. A 2005 research found that CBD with full-plant extract has more medicinal properties than that of just CBD. It also has the benefits of the full entourage effect, which means that when multiple cannabis plant compounds are present along with CBD extract, it increases the health benefits in CBD.

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD has all the cannabinoids and other compounds of the cannabis plant, except for THC. It is the middle between CBD Isolate and Full-spectrum CBD. It goes through a normal extraction process, but in the end, THC is removed.  Broad-spectrum CBD is very similar to Full-spectrum, in the sense that users can benefit from the other cannabinoids, such as CBN (cannabinol). Research has found that CBN could have the following health benefits: antibiotic, antiseizure, and anti-inflammatory. This type of CBD is best for those who don’t want any THC in their system but do want some of the entourage effect benefits.  

The Entourage Effect

Many may wonder which type of CBD is best for them. Research suggests that the cannabis’ compounds, which include cannabinoids and others like terpenes and flavonoids, are more effective when they are taken together. This theory is known as the entourage effect. If you want to get the full impact of the entourage effect and don’t mind some THC in your products, buy some full-spectrum CBD. However, if you don’t want any chance of an intoxicating effect, opt for a broad or isolated CBD product.

CBD and the Endocannabinoid System

What CBD does is that it interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which helps to maintain a state of balance. The endocannabinoid system is a cell-signaling system identified in the early 1990s by researchers exploring THC. Although experts are still trying to understand the ECS, it plays a role in regulating: sleep, appetite, mood, reproduction and fertility, and memory.   It is important to note that the ECS is active in your body even if you don’t use cannabis. The U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recognizes the potential benefits of CBD but notes that more research is needed. At the moment, there’s only one approved prescription CBD medication, called Epidiolex, which is used for seizures in small kids. That means that the FDA does not regulate over-the-counter CBD products; however, thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill, each state decides about CBD’s legality in its territory.

How to Choose a Good CBD Product

When choosing any CBD product, please have the following in mind:
  • Make sure it is made by a company that has proof of third-party testing.
  • Make sure it is made with US-grown hemp.
  • Make sure it doesn’t have more than 0.3 percent THC, according to the certificate of analysis (COA)
  • Be aware of tests for pesticides, heavy metals, and molds according to the COA.
  • Take into account the company’s certification and manufacturing processes.
  • How potent is the product.
  • What other ingredients it may have.
  • That it has a visible QR that you can scan, which takes you to the product’s information.
  • The indicators of user trust and brand reputation, like customer reviews and the company, have been subject to an FDA warning letter.

Forms of CBD Products

The primary type of CBD products are:
  • oils and tinctures
  • gummies and edibles
  • And topicals like creams, lotions, ointments, and balms.
CBD is also available in other formats like capsules, pills, ping liquid, mist sprays, and more.

CBD Benefits

CBD’s most sought-after properties are its health and mental benefits. Although further research is needed, studies show how it helps alleviate symptoms like chronic pain, inflammation, and anxiety.

Anxiety

There´s research suggesting that CBD helps to reduce acute symptoms of anxiety-related conditions is a significant fact and one of CBD’s key benefits.

Depression

Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that regulates mood in the human body. However, those suffering from depression usually have a low level of serotonin in their brain. Research has shown that CBD might influence how the brain regulates and responds to serotonin in recent years.

Insomnia

Research has proven that CBD could be a successful treatment for sleep problems and to improve sleep quality. Additionally, investigations show that it has a calming effect on the nervous system..

CBD and Pain 

It is being researched if CBD could help to alleviate chronic pain symptoms. Premedical studies in animals show that CBD has a potent analgesic effect that can inhibit how the brain manages pain, especially in patients with inflammatory and autoimmune diseases like Fibromyalgia and Lupus.

Epilepsy

It has been proven that CBD is a safe way of preventing seizures and epilepsy. Because of its neuroprotective properties, it has anticonvulsant effects. Some studies have proven its efficacy in the treatment of epilepsy, especially in children. This is one, if not CBD’s, most important medical breakthrough to date since the only CBD-based drug approved by the FDA is Epidiolex, which is used in epilepsy cases in small children. 

Other Benefits

According to the World Health Organization, CBD may have many beneficial effects for illnesses such as arthritis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and multiple sclerosis, psychosis, and Alzheimer’s. Although these benefits are yet to be proven, it is undeniable that patients have improved while taking CBD.

Side Effects

CBD may have some side effects. The most commonly experienced are appetite changes, nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, and weight changes.  With a broader idea of CBD, what it is, how it works, the types of CBD and their forms, you can make a wiser choice of CBD if it is something that interests you.